Emperor Penguin

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  1. The Emperor Penguin can be found in Antarctica. It is also the only animal who lives in the open ice of Antarctica in the winters.
  2. These birds mainly eat krill, squid, and fish.
  3. Their predators are giant petrels, skuas, leopard seals, and killer whales.
  4. In the harsh and cold conditions they have special ways of traveling. The ice is slippery so they use their claws to grip the ice. However, they also use this to their advantage and slide on their stomachs while pushing with their feet.
  5. In the water, they glide through the water with lots of skill. They have bodies which allow them to navigate in the water and sturdy flippers.
  6. They four layers of feathers which are like scales. They form a waterproof coat and protect the penguin from freezing winds.
  7. In addition, these penguins have an abundance of fat which keeps them warm and provides them with energy.
  8. There are 17 species of penguins, but the Emperor Penguin is the largest of them. It measures at 45 inches, or 3 feet and 9 inches tall.
  9. They can dive, as deep 1850 ft (which is further than any other bird can go),  and they can stay under for more than 20 minutes.
  10. They can swim at almost 8 miles per hour!
  11. They make an annual trip for 50 miles to reach breeding grounds. The males reach before the females to prepare.
  12. The males attract females with displays and mating calls.
  13. They have only have one mate per season. Most of them pick a new mate the next year.
  14. Male Emperor Penguins keep the eggs warm by balancing the egg on their feet, inside their warm fur. The special section for the egg is called a brood pouch. Meanwhile, the females find food. After they hatch, females regurgitate food for them.
  15. Only a third of penguins live till they are a year old. 
  16. Did you know that Emperor Penguins got their name because the are elegant and make a statement?Image result for emperor penguin pics