Kiwi Bird

Image result for diagram of a kiwi

  1. Approximately 20% of the kiwi population is under management.
  2. A single roaming dog can wipe out an entire kiwi population in a matter of days. Poor little kiwis, they cannot fend for themselves.
  3. An average of 27 kiwi are killed by predators every week. That’s a population decline of around 1,400 kiwi every year (or 2%). At this rate, kiwi may disappear from the mainland in our lifetime. Just one hundred years ago, kiwi numbered in the millions.
  4. In areas under where predators are controlled, 50-60% of chicks survive. When areas are not under management 95% of kiwi die before reaching breeding age. 
  5. Only 20% survival rate of kiwi chicks is needed for the population to increase.
  6. In the predator controlled area, the kiwi population is doubling every decade.
  7. Kiwi are omnivores. Brown kiwi are known to eat bracket fungi and frogs. They are also known to capture and eat freshwater crayfish/koura. In captivity, kiwi have fished eels/tuna out of a pond, subdued them with a few whacks, and eaten them.
  8. Kiwi can get all the water they need from their food – juicy earthworms are 85% water. This adaptation means they can live in dry places, such as Kapiti Island. 
  9. Kiwi habits and physical characteristics are so like a mammal the bird is sometimes referred to as an honorary mammal. It has feathers like hair, nostrils at the end of its beak and an enormous egg. Maybe it should be called the ‘Mird’ (Mammal and bird combined). 
  10. Kiwi are flightless – their Latin species name is Apteryx, which means wingless. They belong to an ancient group of birds that can’t fly – the ratites. Because they can’t fly, how they arrived in New Zealand is not completely clear.
  11. Most kiwi are nocturnal birds, like many of New Zealand’s native animals. Their calls pierce the forest air at dusk and dawn. That also means that the lakes won’t dry out that quickly, since its night.
  12. Here is a video of an adorable baby Kiwi- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nOOxawb-d0I

Image result for cute baby kiwi bird